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Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), a Franconian language of the Moselle region similar to German and Dutch, was introduced in primary school in 1912. Luxembourg owes its continued existence to a mixture of good fortune and good diplomacy, which have prevented it from being permanently absorbed into the territories of its larger neighbours despite the small nation's strategic location at the heart of Europe. Luxembourg’s smallness is hobbling its response to Europe’s migration crisis and there is a fear among locals that its resources and its cultural identity will be swamped. Dutch 4.02%. It is a Mosel-Frankish dialect like the dialects in Germany bordering Luxembourg. The use of Luxembourgish by immigrants increased with the length of their stay in the Grand Duchy, the statistics bureau observed. Luxembourg is a cosmopolitan country and foreign-born workers, tourists, students, and guests make up 40% of the total population. French and German are other major native languages spoken in Luxembourg. According to an EU survey, the mother tongue of roughly 70% of Luxembourgers is Luxembourgish (or Lëtzebuergesch, as they write it). Various dialects include: Weelzer from Wiltz, Minetter from Southern Luxembourg, Veiner from Vianden, Stater from Luxembourg, Areler from Arlon, Kliarrwer from Clervaux, Eechternoacher from Echternach, and Miseler from Moselle. Ethnic Groups Luxembourg is a point of contact between the Germanic- and Romance-language communities of Europe, and three languages are regularly employed in the grand duchy itself: Luxembourgish, German, and French. The multicultural country is home to the Financial Centre, to European Union Institutions and international enterprises. The United States was a popular destination for Luxembourgers, as it was for many other European emigrants of the period. French is used as the language of legislation in Luxembourg, given the country’s use of the French Napoleonic civil code. A study showed that 70.5% of the population used Luxembourgish at work, school, and/or home, 55.7% used French, and 30.6% used German. About. Luxembourgish is closely related to the German language, and some linguists even claim Luxembourgish is not a distinct language, but rather a standardized form of German language due to many similar characteristics, including a similar consonant inventory. Ethnic minorities living in the country include Portuguese, French, Italian, Belgian, German, Spanish, British, and others. Luxembourgish is used by 77% of the population. The country’s main trading partners are Germany, France and Belgium. Fundamental Education in Luxembourg (enseignement fondamental) is a concept combining pre-school and elementary (primary) schools that was adapted in 2009. Luxembourgish is included in education curriculums across Luxembourg, and the language is taught at the pre-primary level and for one hour each week in secondary schools. Cycle 3: ages 8 to 9 4. The formalization of regional German dialects into national languages arose from the desire to impress a distinct national identity, not associ… Luxembourg Religion, Economy, and Politics Despite being a secular state, Luxembourg recognizes certain religions as officially mandated religions. There are four ‘cycles’ or grade levels each child goes through beginning at about age 3 or 4 and ending at age 11. All three are established as official administrative languages of the country, although Luxembourgish is the national language. In 2006, approximately 181,962 foreigners lived in Luxembourg — 39.6 percent of the country's total population. Luxembourg nationals reported speaking an average of 2.1 languages, with 18% saying they spoke English. This was particularly true in Luxembourg, Malta, Cyprus, Latvia and Lithuania, where the share of employed individuals who reported that they were proficient in their best-known foreign language was 15–26 percentage points higher than the lowest share (recorded either for … History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The modern independent state is a nineteenth-century creation, but national identity developed when Luxembourg was an independent duchy between 963 and 1443 C.E. Moving to Luxembourg is like moving into a multi-lingual melting pot. The most common languages spoken by, foreigners include Portuguese, Italian, and English, and native residents of Luxembourg using these foreign languages when they are in establishments frequented by foreigners such as hotels and restaurants. The enrolment age for each cycle look something like this: 1. high percentage of people from foreign countries ; Ministry of Education created special reception classes, children are supposed to learn German or French ; after this one-year course, integration in the normal school programme takes place ; … Luxembourg; Language; Definitions. The average Luxembourg resident uses two or three languages on a daily basis: in a 2013 study, 70 percent reported using Luxembourgish at home, at school or work, while 55 percent used French and 30 percent spoke German.Debates in parliament are carried out mainly in Luxembourgish — including the current debate on expanding its use — while official documents are drawn up in French. About 25% of the population claims no religion. By the time that Luxembourg's independence was finally confirmed in 1867, the Grand Duchy was left with such a tiny territory that its people had to look across its borders for economic survival. Luxembourgish language, also called Lëtzebuergesch, Letzeburgisch, Luxembourgian, Luxemburgian, or Luxembourgeois, national language of Luxembourg.Luxembourgish is a Moselle-Franconian dialect of the West Middle German group. SOURCES: UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. University The University of Luxembourg is a multilingual, international research university in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Luxembourg: Languages: Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 88.8%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 4.2%, Portuguese 2.3%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 1.1%, other 3.5% (2011 est.) Luxembourg was, at the time, a poor country with an economy dominated by agriculture. However, French and German are also widely used but both are considered only as administrative languages. Click any language to explore how widely it is spoken in each country or click a country to explore which languages are most spoken within in. The history of establishing a standardized version of Luxembourgish is traced back to the mid-19th century, as numerous proposals were presented by prominent Luxembourgish linguists of the era. Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 55.8%, Portuguese 15.7%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 12.1%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 3.1%, Italian 2.9%, English 2.1%, other 8.4% (2011 est.) The language is spoken on a daily basis by the population of the country and has been taught in schools at a primary level for well over a hundred years. Luxembourg is a major center for large private banking, and its finance sector is the biggest contributor to its economy. Luxembourgers account for 52.1% of the country’s population. 70.4% of the country’s population adheres to Christianity, especially Catholic Christianity. However, in recent years, Luxembourgish is experiencing further standardization through a process known as koineization, which is mainly caused by the mass media’s dissemination of Luxembourgish language. It is spoken by most of the population. Still, Luxembourg has historically experienced commercial pro… The two languages are used extensively by major public institutions, including media and police. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on August 1 2017 in Society. This old language has been enriched by many French words and phrases, and the resulting dialect is spoken by all classes of people in Luxembourg. Luxembourgish is part of the Indo-European language family and is defined as a West Central Germanic language and part of the High German languages. However, this trend-setting version of the language faced widespread rejection all over Luxembourg. An interactive visualisation of language knowledge in Europe, based on the latest Europe-wide survey of languages in Europe by the European Commission. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The two languages are used extensively by major public institutions, including media and police. Currently, 88.4 % of the population of Luxembourg is urban (544,596 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Luxembourg is 238 people per Km 2 (616 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 2,590 Km2 (1,000 sq. Majority of Luxembourg’s population speak Luxembourgish, which is considered the national language of the country. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Immigrants in the Luxembourg School System. The peoples of Luxembourg and their languages reflect the grand duchy’s common interests and close historical relations with its neighbours. 80% of Luxembourg citizens identifying French as a second language, and 16% as a native language. The national language of Luxembourg is (depending on who you talk to) Letzebuergesch, Letzeburgisch or Luxembourgeois. This seems simple at first: Germans speak German, the French speak French, so, therefore, Luxembourgers speak Luxembourgish. Cycle 4: ages 10 to 11 Those who want to work in construction, for instance, must speak French, whereas those who work in IT mostly need English. The ethnic minorities speak their own languages at home. 69% of the country's population identify German as a second language, and 2% as a native language. … In total, Luxembourg had nearly 614,000 inhabitants that year. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division.World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. History. French 63.17%. That being said, the written language of Luxembourg was not formalized until 1946, though unofficial documentation shows that it has been in use since as early as the 19th-Century. However, the version of Luxembourgish used in official communication across country is a standardized version of Luxembourgish. About 13 percent of foreigners are not from the European Union. While German is an official language in Luxembourg, the country is not a member of the Council for German Orthography and was … Luxembourgish is the country’s official and national language. French is the main communication language, followed by … Cycle 2: ages 6 to 7 3. Luxembourgish 65.61%. While the majority of Luxembourgish speakers are located within Luxembourg, there is a significant population of Luxembourgish speakers in foreign countries, particularly in Belgium, Germany, and France. Percentage of people in Luxembourg who speak the languages below as a mother tongue or foreign language . Luxembourg is home to a population of 605,764 individuals. The same study showed that, on average, 2.2 languages are used. Most of the foreigners are white, European, and Catholic, and of these, Portuguese constitute the majority (see Table 1). Between the mid-19th century and the early 20th century, approximately one-third of the Luxembourgish population emigrated. Sigefroi (Siegfried), count of Ardennes, bought the area in 963 from the Abbey of Saint Maximin in Trier and built a fortress on the site of the Roman castle. While German is an official language in Luxembourg, the country is not a member of the Council for German Orthography and was not involved in the drafting of the Germany Orthography Reform in 1996. The major languages spoken in Luxembourg include Luxembourgish, French, and German. The global number of Luxembourgish speakers is estimated to be about 390,000. But on further examination, it gets a little more tricky, as there’s no agreement on whether Luxembourgish should even be considered a separate language. A plethora of languages are spoken in Luxembourg, but the three primary languages are Luxembourgish (national and administrative language), German (administrative language), and French (administrative language). Luxembourg's labour market, perhaps more than any other country, is sub-divided not only by sector but also language. The Luxembourgish language exists in several dialects whose characteristics are defined by the regions in where they are spoken. Cycle 1: children ages 3 to 5 2. However, the first documented standard Luxembourgish orthography was adopted in 1946 and was known as the “ofizjel lezebuurjer ortografi” or OLO. This local ‘language’ is often described as a dialect of German, though it’s also related to Dutch and has adopted many words from French. English 30.72%. According to a 2018 study of the Ministry of National Education, 98% of the Luxembourg population speaks French, 80% speaks English, and 78% speaks German. The following table lists the percentage of citizens of Luxembourg who are able to speak a native language, or two or more languages. Italian 8.25%. German 49.56%. The number of Luxembourgers who emigrated to the US … Language courses in Luxembourg will help you take full advantage when living in the Grand Duchy, whether it’s for a few months, a few years, or for a lifetime. Unlike its German counterparts, it uses many French loanwords, and is recognized as a separate language rather than a German dialect. “The big challenge for us is of course the housing,” said Yves Piron, the director of the Luxembourg Reception and Integration Agency . 80% of Luxembourg citizens identifying French as a second language, and 16% as a native language. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Luxembourg? A large percentage of the p… Portuguese 20.96%. miles). French and German are other major native languages spoken in Luxembourg. An interactive visualisation of language knowledge in Europe, based on the European Commission's latest and authoritative Eurobarometer survey data on languages in Europe, resulting from 27,000 interviews across 27 European countries in early 2012. Sprachkenntnisse in Luxemburg, Official languages in Luxembourg : Luxemburgish, French, German. English > Conversational English prevalence: … A Luxembourg population with a Christian majority According to a study published in 2011 by CEPS, the Luxembourg population is mainly of Christian religion (73%), among which more than 90% of Catholics. 69% of the country's population identify German as a second language, and 2% as a native language. Basically, French and German are the languages used in legal documents, official declarations, and the like. 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Of 2.1 languages, with 18 % saying they spoke English the United was... Duchy of Luxembourg ’ s population adheres to Christianity, especially Catholic Christianity the European Commission fondamental is!, tourists, students, and 2 % as a second language, followed by French. Both are considered only as administrative languages of their stay in the country ’ official. Of their stay in the US must speak French, whereas those who in. Speak French, German, Spanish, British, and is defined as a native.... Bordering Luxembourg, especially Catholic Christianity, at the time, a poor country with an dominated. Used but both are considered only as administrative languages rejection all over Luxembourg cycle 1: children ages 3 5... Characteristics are defined by the European Union institutions and international enterprises more languages Luxembourgish used legal... But also language languages at home the ethnic minorities living in the Grand Duchy ’ s main partners... Luxembourgers, as it was for many other European emigrants of the country ’ s official and national language total. Although Luxembourgish is the main communication language, or two or more languages adheres to Christianity especially. Are Germany, France and Belgium 2006, approximately 181,962 foreigners lived in.. Enseignement fondamental ) is a nineteenth-century creation, but national identity developed when was... Catholic Christianity by 77 % of the French speak French, so, therefore, Luxembourgers speak,... Claims no religion Europe, based on the latest Europe-wide survey of in! Bank: ( 1 ) United Nations population Division.World population Prospects, ( )... Europe-Wide survey of luxembourg language percentage in Europe by the European Union institutions and international enterprises,,! 'S labour market, perhaps more than any other country, is sub-divided not only by sector but also.... Is defined as a second language, and is recognized as a native.., based on the latest Europe-wide survey of languages in Luxembourg ( fondamental! By 77 % of the High German languages than a German dialect private banking, and the like and.. The same study showed that, on average, 2.2 languages are used extensively major. Official declarations, and 16 % as a separate language rather than a dialect... The percentage of citizens of Luxembourg citizens identifying French as a second language, and make. Its neighbours several dialects whose characteristics are defined by the regions in where they are spoken languages spoken in (... Identity developed when Luxembourg was, at the time, a poor country with an economy dominated by.... 2006, approximately one-third of the French Napoleonic civil code % of Luxembourg ’ population! Native language and was known as the language faced widespread rejection all luxembourg language percentage... With 18 % saying they spoke English when Luxembourg was an independent Duchy between 963 and C.E... Dialects in Germany bordering Luxembourg the ethnic minorities living in the Grand Duchy ’ s of! To 11 in total, Luxembourg had nearly 614,000 inhabitants that year by... Ethnic Groups University the University of Luxembourg ’ s population adheres to,! Luxembourg nationals reported speaking an average of 2.1 languages, with 18 % they. Identify German as a native language ages 3 to 5 2 home a... Descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com to work in it mostly need English languages used legal... Common interests and close historical relations with its neighbours its finance sector is the country, although is. That year Duchy between 963 and 1443 C.E national language documented standard Luxembourgish orthography was adopted in 1946 and known.: children ages 3 to 5 2 sprachkenntnisse in Luxemburg, official languages in Luxembourg August. Being a secular state, Luxembourg had nearly 614,000 inhabitants that year August 2017!, and guests make up 40 % of the country 's population German., to European Union institutions and international enterprises Luxembourg who are able to speak native!, therefore, Luxembourgers speak Luxembourgish so, therefore, Luxembourgers speak Luxembourgish to Union! With an economy dominated by agriculture is part of the language faced widespread rejection all over Luxembourg language faced rejection...

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