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The canopy also acts as a … Eastern green mamba, forest cobra and Gaboon adder. The Forests rarely burn, mainly due to the Coastal scarp and mistbelt forests were the main source of timber in South Africa before the advent of exotic timber plantations. [1] Giant yellowwoods and stinkwoods were the most sought-after trees. Animals include Bushpig, Bushbuck, monkeys, Knysna Loeries, pigeons and eagles. Characteristic trees are: coastal red milkwood (Mimusops caffra), coast silver oak (Brachylaena discolor), dune soap-berry (Deinbollia oblongifolia) and Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). Trees found here include; Ficus sycomorus, Ficus polita, quinine tree (Rauvolfia caffra) and fever tree (Acacia xanthophloea). List of forests of South Africa, among other terms used it usually means "an area with a high … The grassland biome is found mainly on the high central plateau of South Africa, … Forest soils are normally low in nutrients. The Natal cycad (Encephalartos natalensis) may occur on the forest edges, usually among rocks. Various bird species feed on the larvae, and they are a important food source in the forest ecosystem. South Africa Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 7.6% or about 9,241,000 ha of South Africa is forested, according to FAO. Until recently, all elephants in Africa were considered to be the same species, the African elephant. Plants and animals are wildly adapted to overcome competition and cope in this frequent Mountain cypress (Widdringtonia nodiflora) may occur on the forest margins. Matches mistletoe (Tapinanthus kraussianus), hairy-lipped polystachya (Polystachya pubescens), leopard orchid (Ansellia africana), other orchids such as; Mystacidium capense, Mystacidium venosum, Polystachya ottoniana, Angraecum conchiferum, Cyrtorchis arcuata and Diapananthe caffra. These forests are vulnerable to flooding and many were destroyed by Cyclone Domoina. Several animals are adapted to living in these forests. Animals that inhabit the rainforest canopy include Lemurs, Spider Monkeys, Sloths, Toucans, Orangutans and Parrots. Last month, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs approved the declaration of 20 marine protected areas, collectively covering 50,000 … Once found almost continuously along the KwaZulu-Natal coast. Between 1800 and 2000, people destroyed about 40% of South Africa’s forests. Firstly, there are the ‘ Big Five ’: elephant, buffalo, leopard, lion and the rhino. Londolozi Lodge – Sabi Sand Game Reserve. Some of these animals find most or all of their food high in the trees of the canopy so that they will rarely, if ever, need to go to the rainforest floor. The water holes of South Africa usually remain crowded with these animals. Found around the edges of lowland lakes and streams. Its long coastline stretches along the South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean for more than 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles). [4], Eco-tourism is the most viable and sustainable option for the forests of Kwazulu-Natal, and several government, private and non-government projects to ensure this are underway or in the planning stages. The forest The forest tree fern (Cyathea capensis) is also found in these forests. The Republic of South Africa is in the southernmost region of the continent. ), Natal forest tree frog and bush squeaker frog. Of this 10.2% ( 947,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. African forest elephants, declared their own species separate from the bush elephants of more open country, roam the deep timber of the Congo Basin, following well-worn paths to … http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL78E394AB4F777BA1&feature=plcpFor more Wildlife Documentaries. central to all human life because they provide a diverse range of resources: Londolozi is situated on the Sand River, in the heart of … South Africa - South Africa - Conservation: The country contains more than a dozen national parks. The term was coined last century as these five animals were the most difficult to be hunted on foot. However, these forests have a long history of human use. They have the highest species diversity per area in the world, containing millions of different species. The water fig (Ficus verruculosa) and Kosi palm (Raphia australis) are characteristic species in Maputaland. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The coastal regions are conducive to forest formation, because of high rainfall and humidity which are favoured by forest trees and also help to prevent or subdue fires. Attempts to grow indigenous trees as timber plantations have so far proven economically unviable compared to exotics, but more research is needed. As you can tell from the name, it rains a lot in these forests. competition driven system. [1] Most of the larger forests are now protected, but some small scale timber extraction by local communities still takes place. Both of these species could be used as cover for slower-growing forest hardwoods which could be interplanted for more long-term production of more valuable timber. Female lions do almost all of … Areas of forest which grow in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa mostly on south facing slopes in higher rainfall areas, and along the humid coastal areas. Unique trees include Lebombo wattle (Newtonia hildebrandtii), red-heart tree (Hymenocardia ulmoides), lavender-leaved croton (Croton pseudopulchellus) and stink bushwillow (Pteleopsis myrtifolia). South Africa is home to approximately 175 endemic bird species, as well as hundreds more species. Trees were harvested for timber and coastal forests were destroyed to plant sugarcane. Forests have been a source of medicinal plants for hundreds of years. [3] Another species for closer study is Celtis africana, which is fast-growing and can be used for furniture and panelling. Black-eyed susan (Thunbergia alata), wild cucumber (Coccinia palmata), climbing bamboo (Flagellaria guineensis) and flame lily (Gloriosa superba). [5][6], Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, "Ongoye Forest Project: Preserving SA culture for the community", "KwaZulu-Natal Top Business | Umuziwabantu Municipality", List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes, List of marine animals of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests, Nieuwoudtville-Roggeveld Dolerite Renosterveld, Richtersveld Sandy Coastal Scorpionstailveld, Southern Namaqualand Quartzite Klipkoppe Shrubland, Southern Richtersveld Inselberg Shrubland, Stinkfonteinberge Eastern Apron Shrubland, Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Subantarctic Biotic Herbfield and Grassland, Addo Elephant National Park Marine Protected Area, Namaqua National Park Marine Protected Area, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Agulhas Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, Browns Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, iSimangaliso Offshore Marine Protected Area, Namaqua Fossil Forest Marine Protected Area, Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area, Southeast Atlantic Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South African Association for Marine Biological Research, South African Environmental Observation Network, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Virtual Museum, University of KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden, List of authors of South African botanical taxa, List of authors of South African animal taxa, Environmental impact of recreational diving, International Union for Conservation of Nature, South African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, National Environmental Management Act, 1998, National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004, National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 24 of 2008, National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003, List of field guides to South African biota, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forests_of_KwaZulu-Natal&oldid=991325499, Articles with dead external links from March 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, South Africa articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:38. 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Wide variety of plant matter small part of the continent a wide range of herbaceous plants are found here the!

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