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Taro also is known as elephant ear is a tropical plant which requires moderate temperature … A multipurpose tree that is very important for the local population, supplying food, fibres and building materials. The major types of vegetation in Ghana are: a) Strand and Mangrove: This vegetation can be found along the coast or lagoons where the soil is salty and water-logged for most of the year. 21 terms. Mangrove forests and swamps including open water areas: This page was last edited on 10 March 2017, at 18:03. Plant community probably is the most related word to Vegetation which can be referred to as spatial scales of wider margin with globally large scales. and Parinari polyandra. The following plants are found in. Botanical names have been linked to an external site for further detail, the sites of choice being PROTA- Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (use Prota4U for search screen, or PROTA4U article list) & West African Plants - A Photo Guide (follow African Plant Database link below photos for description). Observaciones? The Vegetation of Ghana Vegetation refers to all plants or it is plant life of a place taken as a whole. Some vegetative plants are very medicinal in nature such that they are usually utilized by pharmaceutical industries in producing drugs for curing sickness and life-threatening conditions. Along the northern border the savanna gives way to a more open type of grassland that has developed largely as … Lv 4. Ecological zones in Ghana have are different and they are five of them. Get answers by asking now. 1.3 Vegetation types of Ghana (Phytogeography) 1.3.1 High Forest Zone of Ghana; 1.3.2 Forest-Savanna Transition types; 1.3.3 Savanna vegetation types of Ghana; 1.3.4 Mangrove forests; 2 Protected Wildlife Areas in Ghana. Ghana vegetation map. While this project focuses on the northern Savannah zone as a key area in need, it also involves community planting sessions in the Brong Ahafo and Ashanti regions of southern Ghana, as well as the Central and Eastern regions. The ecology is the science of the interrelations of the living matter have with the non-living matter of their direct environment as well as of the interdependencies with each other or with other organisms (including the human). Vegetation map is critical for understanding biodiversity patterns through space of a country. It is a rectangular-shaped country bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, the east by Togo, the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the west by Côte d'Ivoire. Montane zone . Nigeria is a state of forests and savannas. Their common feature is that they have adapted themselves to the life in tidal areas of tropical coasts and only there they are stand-forming. Still have questions? The existence of plants and animals’ habitats in the deserts Vegetation is very minimal accompanied with little or no rain but receives high temperature to the fullest. The term flora is used to denote plants of a particular region or period. Vector vegetation map available in Adobe Illustrator, EPS, PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download. Lion. Copyright 1999 - 2014 Findpower.com. Con más observaciones. Naturally, vegetation means human free or human’s undisturbed growth of plant life and having the climatic temperaments of the region as it’s monitor. Soil formation, chemistry, structure, texture, volume, and type are basically affected in a positive manner by Vegetation. The Vegetation attributes also have the tendency of increasing plant growth and productivity. … Taro. African Bush Elephant. Vegetation helps to regulate the flow of numerous Poisonous biogeochemical cycles composed of various chemical elements mixed together in the atmosphere due to pollution can only be controlled and regulated by Vegetation which produces enough oxygen capable of reducing the side effect, with the contribution of other elements under Vegetation such as carbon, nitrogen, and water. The rainy season lasts from May to September in the north, from April to October in the center, and from April to November in the south. Apparently, these two types of Vegetation in Africa are furthermore divided into four categories, which were discussed earlier. All plant parts such as the saps, roots, stems and the flowers of the plants are very useful and perform various purposes. Tropical rainforests, coniferous forests and temperate deciduous forests are the three divisions under Forest Vegetation in Africa. South Ghana contains evergreen and semi-deciduous forests consisting of trees such as mahogany, odum, ebony and it also contains much of Ghana's oil palms and mangroves with shea trees, baobabs and acacias found in the northern part of Ghana. Raphia vinifera. The National Biodiversity Strategy for Ghana (NBSG) is closely linked with The Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme of the UNESCO and in the context of that to the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). The contribution of Vegetation to the world economy has been realistic and essential especially in the energy source sector by the usage of fossil fuels with the production of other materials like fuel, wood, food and the likes. the natural covering of plant with massive collections of all grass and other plant-related species and Vegetation are referred to as Grassland Vegetation, where the formation of grass-related Vegetation comes by nature. Climate Ghana’s climate , like that of the rest of the Guinea Coast , is determined largely by the interplay of two air masses: a hot, dry continental air mass that forms over the Sahara and a warm, humid maritime tropical air mass that forms over the South Atlantic. There are established six Resource Reserves (IUCN category VI). There are established six Ramsar Zones (wetland areas) (no IUCN classification). source. Once, a significant part of the territory was covered with dense tropical rainforests. The roots are used in the treatment of infectious disease of the throat (diphtheria) and also good for curing gonorrhea. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. 0 0. The list represents less than half the vegetables used - either cultivated, tended or collected from the wild. Coarse grasses, date palms, acacia, and cactus are all good examples of plant habitats in the ecosystem of the desert region. The ecology is considering itself thereby as interdisciplinary field of the biology and the Earth sciences (geology, physical geography, geochemistry). Scientists divide the Earth’s land into what are called vegetation regions. Artificial or man-made vegetation are most of the time referred to as traditional or cultural way of Vegetation or manor human-made cultivation and plantation sometimes referred to as cultural vegetation or that which is planted by man. Of this 8.0% ( 395,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Founding co-compiler Philip Hoehn (1996-2009). Tags: Four Types Of Vegetation Zones In Africa, Your email address will not be published. They come in various shades of green, red, pink, white, green etc. There are established seven National Parks (IUCN category II). As vegetation encompasses all manner of plant species, they produce foods from the vegetable, carbohydrates, minerals, oils and protein classes such as plants are the main source of food for humans. The following are the principal types of natural vegetation in India: (1) Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests, (2) Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests, (3) Dry Deciduous Forests and Scrubs, Vegetation is an important natural resource that has helped the man with the provision of materials from some special trees by special means. The annual rainfall is poor and the wet season lasts 3 to 4 months, the grasses in this region are extremely short. A dry wine region dominated with both rocky soil and sandy soil with short shrub trees inclusive in the Vegetation occurring as patches and intermittently categorized with long tap roots, thorns, and coated wax leaves associated with are been referred to as Desert Vegetation. Jasmines are … Within a locality in Africa, the Vegetation Zone type that is actualized is solely determined by the impact of human, topography, soil formation, and climate. Type in Ghana climate then Ghana vegetation. The essentiality of vegetation in our ecosystem is too much paramount as plants which can independently manufacture food on their own with photosynthesis process involving sunlight as an energy source and can also feed other living organisms solely relying on them as they are the food chain executor and for these features they (plant) are called primary producers. As mentioned earlier, ground full of diverse plants, a community of plant and plant cover with natural and plant vegetation inclusive are all referred to as Vegetation. 5 years ago. this Vegetation includes plants that do not need to be recovered by human actions and activities but grows naturally on their own in a particular region. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost an average of 125,400 ha or 1.68% per year. 4. 3. For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/axJfo. Original title of website: Checklist of Online Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps Compiled by Claire Englander (1996-2013). Responsible for the administration of these areas is today (2015) the Ministry of Environment and Science of the Ghanaian government. Especially in the case of Ghana (not so in North America, India, Australia) one is distinguishing: Mangroves are wood-building salt-resistant plants of different botanical affiliation. Vegetation in Africa term is any green plant of any family covering the surface of the earth or any green plant protruding beyond the earth crust. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There the vegetation consists mostly of tall Guinea grass, together with a scattering of low trees, such as the shea butter tree, various species of acacia, and baobabs. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); TYPES OF VEGETATION IN AFRICA AND THEIR FEATURES (FOUR ZONES). There are established five Wildlife Sanctuaries (no IUCN classification). Vegetables of national importance are listed in Table 1. Especies más observadas. Without carrying out any agricultural processes or human contribution, plants under natural Vegetation exists and grow naturally on their appointed regions. In Ghana, agriculture contributes to 28% of the annual gross domestic product. Flora of Ghana. Vegetation zones provide trees of various kinds and species utilized by humans as electric poles, in the construction of house and bridges and in paper products which are very essential to living things and human beings generally. Required fields are marked *. The ecology of a particular region determines what can grow there. Mangrove trees reach heights of 10 to 15 metres high. Vegetation is the species of plant coupled with the provided land cover. RebeccaSK12. In this case, Human uses the land for activities like biological difference conservation, water soil and environmental value protection, fertile land for wood and fiber production. It includes trees, shrubs and grasses. Their population is negligible hence they are classified as endangered species. ... Where was the Empire of Ghana located? Highly dominating over the soil in this region is the permafrost which is as a result of dry winter occurring for a long period of time giving restrictions the growth and development of plants. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. Health care in Ghana In contemporary Ghana two types of medical systems, the traditional and the 'scientific',1 exist simultaneously. The African bush elephants are found inside the Mole National park. The temperate zone is the main location of most grasslands and its species with diverse names assigned to Grassland region from various part of the world. Estadísticas Totales? Caladiums are grown for their long-lasting colourful folliage. The Kalahari Desert, Indian desert, Atacama Desert, Sahara Desert, and South West Australia desert are all good for examples of Vegetations under the desert region. Natural vegetation is a priceless gift from nature to every human, the following attributes prove that; leaves and flowers from trees serves as beautification and aesthetics, plant roots are useful in oil and fragrance extraction used in the cosmetics industry and production of useful oils and perfumes, Vegetation among animals especially the carnivores and herbivores animals play an effective role, as Vegetation is used as camouflage by the carnivores and plant serves as a source of food to the herbivores. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. Nature Land And Natural Resources Ghana is a lowland country, except for a range of hills on the eastern border. Mangifera. Throughout the Guinea savanna woodland are Anogeissus schiemperi, Vitellaria What were the... YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Chapter 11: Early Societies in West Africa. However, these trees are further categorized into coniferous-deciduous, evergreen and broadleaf species. Your email address will not be published. The vegetation best described as the characteristic species that are widely spread, or a mutual part of the assemblage, like a usual environment or an elevating margin. Trees that are found in the zone of Forest Vegetation are; willows, lichens, birches, mahogany, rosewoods, mosses, oaks, maple, mangroves and ashes. in the tundra vegetation zones; junipers, lichens, mosses, arctic bluegrasses, catchfly, poppy, and willow trees. These areas have distinct types of plants, soil, and weather patterns.Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. There are generally five options for the treatment of most common diseases: a clinic or hospital, treatment from a nurse or paramedic at home, buying Western pharmaceutical drugs from a local trader, self treatment using plant medicines, or traditional healers. Red Mangroves, Oil Palms, Cotton trees, and Red ironwood trees are some of the most common types of trees and vegetation in the forests that are in the country. Jasmines. The creator, pioneer, founder, overseer, and owner of this form of Vegetation is Human(man). There is established one Strict Nature Reserve (no IUCN classification). A wide area of plant community predominantly dominated by tall trees forming a branch of foliage widely covering the surface of the earth and outgrowing strata with a good number of branches is referred to as Forest Vegetation. do they have anything in the cia worldfactbook? In Ghana, the climate is tropical, with a dry season in winter and a rainy season in summer due to the African monsoon. The number of lions in Ghana is low except for some which can be sighted in Mole National Park of Ghana. In less than 50 years, Ghana's primary rainforest has been reduced by 90 percent, while in the past 15 years (1990-2005), the country lost 1.9 million hectares or 26 percent of its forest cover. 2.1 National Parks of Ghana; 2.2 Forest Reserves of Ghana; 2.3 Resource Reserves of Ghana; 2.4 Wildlife Sanctuaries of Ghana From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Geographical definitions relating to Ghana, Bobiri Forest Reserve + Bobiri Butterfly Sanctuary, UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Survey_of_ecological_structures_in_Ghana&oldid=236653909, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. IN west Africa along the Ghana river. “The leaves are used for aiding toddlers to walk”. Desconocido Contact us per e-mail, Fax: [+1] 954 255 5565 or Phone [+1] 954 933 85 01 Have a suggestion? All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. Ghana - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The Sahara, Sahel, Savannah, and the Rain Forest. There are also Encephalartos barteri, and gymnosperm indigenous to Ghana; others growing in various Ghanaian ecological zones are introduced species for purposes including aesthetics and economic. It is a region or environment predominantly grazed with plants without even a gap on the surface of the earth. North America, Asia, and Europe with the wide flat region with permafrost sporadically overwhelming the subsoil with the depth of around 1500 ft is referred to as Tundra Vegetation. The word “flora” which means the composition of species is less expounded compared to Vegetation. Notwithstanding, Vegetation in Africa is classified into two main types; natural Vegetation and artificial or man-made Vegetation. In the tundra, Vegetation is lesser trees with short shrubs that are stunted such as sedges, lichens, and mosses. Vegetation Types of South Africa Agregar observaciones a este proyecto. Types of vegetation in Nigeria. This savanna is known for its desert vegetation. Raphia vinifera, the West African piassava palm, bamboo palm or West African bass fibre is a palm tree species. On the other side, Fredric Clement, an ecologist utilized the term earth cover in place of Vegetation equivalents, which is also expressed in the same manner by the Bureau of Land Management. Please contact us at info@findpower.com There is primary and secondary vegetation. Geography. Its location on the globe is between latitude 23 0 N and 66 0 N across the Greenwich meridian in the direction of the Northern hemisphere and latitude 23 0 S and 66 0 S across the equator in the direction of the southern hemisphere. Especies? However, an estimated 90% of the vegetables used in Ghana are generally restricted to local or ethnic groups. Under the classification of the word Vegetation are the following; deserves soil crusts, lawns, sphagnum bogs, Primeval redwood forests, cultivated gardens, coastal mangrove stands, sphagnum bogs, desert soil crusts, wheat fields, and roadside weed patches. Then click on images. Types of Vegetation. What are the four (vegetation) zones of Africa? When cultivating these plants at home, it is advisable to remove the bloom since it takes a lot of the plant’s energy during photosynthesis. Desconocido. The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass. Right from existence, Vegetation has been playing a crucial part in the ecosystem as a whole naturally, which also in diverse ways serves as an ally to the biosphere, by helping to control the operation of countless cells of biogeochemical, most especially for those in nitrogen, water, and carbon; it helps also in balancing energy or leverages both locally and globally. 06.JPG 6,016 × 4,000; 6.46 MB Ghana is situated in West Africa between latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and longitudes of 4°W and 2°E. Desconocido. Constant cutting and burning out of crop plots led to a drastic reduction in the area of … Some of the plants in this zone include Ngibbi, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia, and the African myrrh. Our eps map can be modify to show any change. This includes also a consideration of the impacts of human activities on the nature in all their forms of appearance (agriculture, fishing, forestry, mining, transportation, energy production, waste management, tourism etc.). Subsistence agriculture and cutting for fuelwood is common throughout Ghana and worsening due to a population growth rate approaching 3 percent. There is thus a delicate balance between vegetation and soil fertility, which may be upset by uncontrolled burning or overuse. STATE OF FOREST GENETIC RESOURCE IN GHANA 7 This vegetation type established along the rivers in the northern area contains Anogeissus schimperi, Celtis integrifolia, Cola laurifolia, Cynometra vogelii, Lannea spp. It is a common word that had no basic reference to a significant geographical or botanical source, structure, spatial extent and life forms of any other dignified family and attributes. They are present in all the agro-ecological zones, vegetation types and farming systems. It is particularly abundant along the creeks of Niger Delta, Cross River, Lagos and Ikorodu in Nigeria. Some of the names and regions or countries are; South Africa – veld, Australia – Downs, Central Africa – Savannahs, South America – Pampas, Russia – Steppes, North America – Prairies. (All other areas of Ghana have no authentication as protected area.). This is one of the many interesting Rock Formations in the Kwahu Tafo Area, in the Eastern Region of Ghana, near Buruku. We are taking a look at the four types of vegetation in Africa, zones, and their features. A list of some of these vegetables is found in Table 2. The species of animals are referred to as fauna. Some of this material are; plastic, gum, wood, and paper that stands as raw materials for producing seats, wiring, tire, ropes, books among others. And type are basically affected in a positive manner by Vegetation life tidal! 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