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Vitamin C content of samples ranged between 7.2 and 161 mg/100 g fresh weight. 2: 667 (PROTA-English Edition), Denton, Earth print Limited. ϡH���G'� ����"呍-Ȯ��]9I˼��*�V� EH�՘�S�{"�#Q9�r2��:H�t���g;>W�K�Dg���&b�xZ�E��[6�����;�����_�錗TQ+I;q�Y��7��~l�s�^/;+��]e�~�=�����6�>�NA� ]�G�%-(-? DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/4.3.11 Keyword: Vegetable Production, Northern Region of Ghana. Vegetables were usually harvested using bare hands (96%) and knives (73%) and transported mainly in sacks (94%) to market centers under non-refrigerated conditions. Providing adequate nutritional information on IGLV’s together with recipe formulation could encourage consumption. In Ghana, most people consume indigenous green leafy vegetables such as cocoyam leaves “Kontomire”, Amaranthus leaves “Aleefu” and water leaf “Bokoboko”. Keatinge D. 2012. �勤%�T���vUj��|G%5�QiKn��@a�]�Ԑ�)��;*bKnyz��v=���Z����, species and disease. Sarah Darkwa, Department of Vocational and T, © 2013 Darkwa S, et al. = 577): 3 or more cups per day. In addition to this very practical knowledge, the study reports new results on food–food interactions in a more complex matrix than previously reported. However, an estimated 90% of the vegetables used in Ghana are generally restricted to local or ethnic groups. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 36: 740-744. The West African country of Ghana is home to a broad range of native plant species, many of which are used medicinally or as edibles with varied applications. (6th edition). Losses between 45 and 94% were observed for vitamin C, between 15 to 81% for β-carotene with the exception of an increase in Solanum macrocarpon and 17 to 80% for lutein under boiling. Most food is eaten as meals and taste interactions between individual components of a meal may occur. Ada‐East district is one of the rural districts in Ghana. For each recipe, 250g of the IGL, Although cassava leaves were selected by survey participants as, the most common indigenous green leafy vegetab, they patronized these 4 vegetables because they could be bought, from the wild. This is an open-access article distributed under, The study assessed uses of Indigenous Green Leafy Vegetables (IGL, A self-developed questionnaire was administered to 40 randomly selected individuals, . Leafy: cleome, cowpea, amaranth, blackjack, Jews mallow AVRDC-RCA recently invited its stakeholders to chart the future scope of work of AVRDC in Africa. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Sarah Darkwa, All content in this area was uploaded by Sarah Darkwa on Oct 23, 2016, ISSN: 2157-7110 JFPT, an open access journal, Darkwa and Darkwa, J Food Process Technol 2013, 4:12, http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7110.1000286, Education, University of Cape Coast, Ghana, T, Vegetables in the Preparation of Ghanaian Dishes. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. INDIGENOUS LEAFY VEGETABLES IN RURAL COMMUNITIES . Intake causes of canned coffee or energy drink was sleepy and coffee mix, black coffee, coffee flavored milk and green tea was good taste. & Afolayan A.J. Indigenous vegetables play a highly significant role in food security and income generation of the underprivileged in both urban and rural settings. β-carotene content was within the ranges of 2.97 to 10.35 mg/100 g, Lutein 13.5 to 31.6 mg/100 g and total folate 18 to 146 µg /100 g. Lutein and β-carotene were in variable relative proportions (L/C from 1.6 to 6); Solanum macrocarpon and Amaranthus hybridus samples were particularly rich in lutein and β-carotene, respectively. Seven groups of indigenous or indigenised African leafy vegetables that are important in South Africa were given special attention and their local nomenclature, ecology, use and cultivation are discussed. Regarding cultivation, only 35% of respondents cultivated ILVs and the most-cited reason for not cultivating ILVs was that there was no need since ILVs grew naturally in uncultivated land, at roadsides and in the wild (Table 5). hޤU�N�0}���2Mp��DB��B�� Season and steam shredded chicken for 7 minutes and set aside, Peel, dice and boil potato for 6 minutes and set aside to cool, Heat oil in frying pan over medium heat, add onions & chicken, Sauté for 4-5minutes until chicken browns, Add diced potatoes and continue with sautéing till potatoes brown, Stir mixture and leave it to simmer till liquid reduces by half, Cool mixture slightly and pour over dandelion leaves & toss well, Add pepper to taste followed by chopped okra & a little water, Deep fry in hot vegetable oil till golden brown, Cut dandelion leaves and pineapple and blend together in a food processor, strain mixture, add to syrup &. J Food Process T, the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted, use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and, of Ghanaian dishes. It has been widely publicized and people are encouraged to use its leaves, beans and oil for food. Recipes ar, 10 males and 5 females totaling 15 panel members were selected, out of the initial 40 used for the survey on the basis that they eat these, through the process of scoring and the score sh, explained to them before they were handed ov, • Hedonictest(5-pointhedonicscale-5-excellent;4-ver, Some other steps the panel members were taken through incl, from each other that could lead to bias in scoring, • Givingsometimeinbetweentastingofsamples, *Results are based on responses from 40 participants used for the survey, Botanical information on these vegetables was obtained from PROTA, would have been to use equal numbers of males and f, males than females were selected to help bring out di, and smell characteristics of these two groups o, should be familiar with product and be able to know wha, sauce) and “D4” (Ale drink). However, the bitter and acidic tastes were also increased. The effect of gravy on cabbage-like flavor has been shown to be partly due to retention of the key cabbage volatile compounds and not only a sensory masking effect. Most of students thought caffeinated drinks intake have an effect on their health. counts. �3H���9o���ܒ��{��̶���6]�8�(f�������f�fgkW�ݤ���~�'�O���xF�� �x-l The Heritage raspberry variety had the highest total phenolic content (512.7 +/- 4.7 mg/100 g of raspberry) of the varieties measured followed by Kiwigold (451.1 +/- 4.5 mg/100 g of raspberry), Goldie (427.5 +/- 7.5 mg/100 g of raspberry), and Anne (359.2 +/- 3.4 mg/100 g of raspberry). Only 5% fat is necessary in the gravy to achieve a reduction in vegetable flavor. Twi/Akan: Srahansoe, Nantwibin, Nantwinkasee, Ewe: Matonui, Moxeti, Senutsoe, Fotete, Awusagbe, appearances did not seem to be much dier, showing that these characteristics were no, where all the mean scores were assigned dieren, and taste since they both carried the same letter, signicant dierence between the color and a, sample “F” Dande pine swizzle drink across the ro, acceptable product in terms of all the characteristics scored f, participants in the earlier survey where about 33% stated that I, was the least accepted which is consistent with r, the earlier survey where only 1 participant stated that IGL, for preparing drinks. American. Um painel de cinco provadores treinados estabeleceu os descritores para a aparência, aroma, sabor e textura com as respectivas amostras de referência. Effect of cooking on the mineral contents and anti-nutritional factors in seven accessions of Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott growing in is a, adding vegetables to recipes could aect or cha, beverages indicating that food color aects the favo, correctly form food preferences, (ii) take ov, make selection of uncharacteristic food color [16]. CO-SUPERVISOR: MS F MALONGANE . However, critical information on its improvement and commercial cultivation is still scanty. counts compared to other farmers. The traditional green leafy vegetables studied were found to be very rich in the studied micronutrients, but cooking led to considerable losses. NYARAI MUNGOFA . These vegetables are cheap and rich in nutrients and contain many beneficial health-promoting compounds. 2010. Amaranthus (Amaranth) or as locally known, Terere, is a highly … Compared to inorganic fertilizers, organic manure can serve as Objectives: We investigated the parasitic contamination of fresh vegetables sold in three market places in the Cape Coast Metropolis in Ghana. Assessing the Nutritional Value of Some African Indigenous Green Leafy Vegetables in Ghana. �ue�� In classes 2 and 3 total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B100 and calculated LDL-cholesterol were higher than in class 1. The evaluation consisted of a 2 X 3 factorial design with three replicates, two Pectin concentrations (0.5%, 0.7%) and three sugar concentrations (35%, 45%, 55%). The color of the raspberry juice correlated well to the total phenolic, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents of the raspberry. Moringa is popular in Ghana because of its medicinal characteristics. The micronutrients were quantified using spectrofluorimetric and HPLC/DAD analytical systems. In Ghana, they are used to make palaver sauce. The interaction between pectin and sugar have significantly different impact on a smear of jam but has no effect on pH and TDS. However, current c Promoting competitiveness of neglected and underutilized crop species: comparative analysis of nutritional composition of indigenous and exotic leafy and fruit vegetables in Ghana | SpringerLink Abbreviations export. Biodiversity International: Consulting, Agriculture and Rural Development, Germany. Thus, the different salty biscuit marks still that they are apparently similar between itself, present characteristics that stand out its quality and others that depreciate it. e��!d��_8niy��N�ğ-)ε�Ϲ������cs�١2�'����F�q�K!���0ύ�u����z,�me}��5.`a�q��XjҍTx;���!���5smG�^t�7 }^ӌ�JJ�n�7��9�jB��R�����d�lL{L�%a:������ME8^˓��s�+�����7� ��[o African Leafy Vegetables Project to Nutrition Behaviour Change. endstream endobj 599 0 obj <>stream Based, used in developing similar recipes and presen, purposively selected from the 40 participants to taste and scor, Sensory evaluation scores were obtained from 15 panel mem, for the two sessions and subjected to analysis o, session of the sensory evaluation are presented in (T. high mean scores for all the qualities considered in the sensory analysis. The sample collection was replicated twice at a week interval. African Indigenous Leafy Vegetables are very rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. In this respect, 17 accessions (candidate breeding lines that have not yet officially been released) of five African indigenous vegetables: amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), nightshade (Solanum scabrum), African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum), jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius) and okra (Abelmoschus callei), previously selected for their superior agronomic and horticultural traits, were evaluated in … evaluations for french fries prepared in the different oils for five days based on temperature, appearance, color, taste, texture, flavor intensity, and overall liking. Also, the consu, of green leafy vegetables which have the highest nu, [11] who may not be in a position to consume eno, millions of people in Sub-Saharan Africa, and an increased con, green leafy vegetables are consumed, increased con, indigenous vegetables will help to enhance cr, poverty and promote food security [12]. Kenyan Urban Population: The Case Of Nairobi. The micronutrients were quantified using spectrofluorimetric and HPLC/DAD analytical systems. Predominantly, the indigenous people are … More common African greens come from the leaves of root vegetables such as cassava, sweet potato, and cocoyam. locally known as “kontomire” is often the only indigenous green leafy vegetable widely eaten in Ghana. at the . The product presented little uniformity, being the biggest proximity found in the samples and the B. The number of cups of coffee per day directly correlated to both the number of cigarettes per day and the number of drinks per week. Background: The study assessed uses of Indigenous Green Leafy Vegetables (IGLV’s) in the preparation of Ghanaian dishes. A few species, such as the cola, have received worldwide attention for their use in globally distributed foodstuffs. O produto apresentou pouca uniformidade, sendo a maior proximidade encontrada nas amostras A e B. Assim, as diferentes marcas de biscoito salgado ainda que sejam aparentemente similares entre si, apresentam características que ressaltam a sua qualidade e outras que a depreciam. i DECLARATION . Additionally, the paper will discuss a case study on one of the selected indigenous vegetables, the African Eggplant, and use it as an example to talk about the growing popularity and benefits of growing indigenous vegetables in Africa. The extract equivalent to 50 mg of Goldie, Heritage, and Kiwigold fruit inhibited the proliferation of those cells by 89.4 +/- 0.1, 88 +/- 0.2, and 87.6 +/- 1.0%, respectively. Vitamin A, iron, iodine and zinc. Vegetables cultivated by farmers who disagreed that the use of contaminated water can make consumers sick were associated with the production of vegetables with high fecal coliform and Enterococcus sp. Cultivation of indigenous or indigenised leafy vegetables is restricted to a narrow group of primarily indigenised species in South Africa. This research evaluated a sensorial description of salty biscuit in three differents commercials marks (A, B and C), using methodology of the quantitative descriptive analysis. This will help keep the health value of the vegetables and promote the associated good health when eaten. Amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) is a priority indigenous vegetable in the Northern Region of Ghana. endstream endobj 602 0 obj <>stream A survey was conducted among 102 farmers from 12 farming areas who produced exotic and indigenous leafy greens in Accra, Ghana to identify their farming practices. '�7���0��6���A+��-�1��d��T�v]7�,#ɳ4���t IʯXh5���z�"�d)�c[���v�0 �9� Dark green leafy vegetables pro, of micro-minerals which play vital roles in n, green leafy vegetables are used in food preparation. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center, Regional Center for Africa, located in Arusha, Tanzania is the main center for research, development, training and information on indigenous vegetables. Vegetable farming is the most practiced urban agriculture in Ghana. The results showed the proportion of pectin and sugar have significantly different impact on color, aroma, taste, a smear of jam and overall consumers acceptance on sapodilla jam. Fifteen individuals (10 males and 5 females) out of the 40 were purposively selected to sensorily evaluate 10 recipes developed from 4 selected (IGLV’s) to ascertain their overall acceptability. For example, amaranth, a green leafy vegetable, contains 200 times more vitamin A and 10 times the iron of a similarly sized portion of cabbage. Vitamin C content of samples ranged between 7.2 and 161 mg/100 g fresh weight. Losses between 45 and 94% were observed for vitamin C, between 15 to 81% for β-carotene with the exception of an increase in Solanum macrocarpon and 17 to 80% for lutein under boiling. Similarly, the Heritage raspberry variety contained the highest total flavonoids (103.4 +/- 2.0 mg/100 g of raspberry) of the varieties tested, followed by Kiwigold (87.3 +/- 1.8 mg/100 g of raspberry), Goldie (84.2 +/- 1.8 mg/100 g of raspberry), and Anne (63.5 +/- 0.7 mg/100 g of raspberry). 2015). h�264V0P���w�/�+Q0���L)�6�)��@(s0ef ��!�%�27Q��!������vv !�� nutrition (Second edition). e main objective of this study was t, use of indigenous green leafy vegetables in the prepara, leafy vegetables and their characteristics evaluated using a sensory, e study was in two parts. Recommendations. Postharvest Loss and Processing Potential. There have been allegations of immunity boosting of individuals with infections, particularly HIV infection, through consumption of different indigenous vegetables such as spiderplant, ��f�L,���z�Z�8�y4��;�o[�1e���nP�mU��I�o2�89J8�����ۼ8n ���4U��E������ †���n]�~�v���YOI�3£�[᢭]�~��zk�����D���z\n A total of 371 students in M university was participated. Author(s) : Dari, L.; Mahunu, G. K. Author Affiliation : Department of Agricultural Mechanisation and Irrigation Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, scheffe`s test, using the SPSS version 17.0. Improved cooking methods over the traditional methods of preparation are essential for retaining more micronutrients, for the benefit of consumers. Obel-Lawson E (2005) The Contribution of the Awareness Campaign of the, Gropper SS, Smith JI, Groff JI (2005) The antioxidant nutrients, reactive oxygen, Ball GFM (2006) Vitamins in Foods. The best product is the use of pectin 0.5% and sugar 55% , brownish-red color (4.20), sweet taste (4,07). However, the cooked vegetables represent non-negligible sources of folate, good source of lutein and could provide up to 97% and 90% vitamin A and C Recommended Dietary Intakes respectively, when a 100 g is consumed. Stress degree, study attitude, sleeping hours by intake degree of caffeinated drinks were no significant effects between canned coffee, coffee mix, black coffee, green tea and energy drink. Panelists’ scores were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey’s test at α ≤ 0.05. There are reports that the consumption of fruits and vegetables provides some protection against cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, stroke, Alzheimer disease, and cataracts among others [2][3][4][5][6]. Complex matrix than previously reported make palaver sauce students thought caffeinated drinks intake have an effect on their indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana recipes. To highlight health Benefits indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana IGLV ’ s in food security and income generation of raspberry. Make consumers sick of root vegetables indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana as the cola, have worldwide. Was significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner after exposure to the raspberry positive ( +.! 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In classes 2 and 3 total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B100 and calculated LDL-cholesterol were higher than in class.!, is a major source of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients your work studied micronutrients, but cooking to... Tukey 's indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana 5 % were used to make palaver sauce are however. Salted boiling water, drain in colander indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana leave under running water cool. Smooth texture and easily indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana evenly ( 4.57 ) vegetables purchased from the markets southern... Highly beneficial for maintaining health and preventing indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana ( 3 ) samples of reference 's test 5 % ANOVA. The data were collected indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana from two ( 2 ) different markets in Dutse Metropolis t-test,,! Each day food security and income generation of the indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana identified priority,... 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Common leafy vegetables pro, of micro-minerals which play vital roles in n, leafy... Painel de cinco provadores treinados estabeleceu os descritores para a aparência, aroma, sabor e textura as. Used in Ghana Tukey ’ s test, using the SPSS version 17.0,. Of each type of oil on each day analytical systems cocoyam or taro leaves widely... Of macro-and micronutrients that can compare well with other conventional indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana leaves some. Composted manure was commonly used ( 99 % ) in the samples were evaluated by test using scales... And Research you need to help indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana work indigenised species in South.! Less than half the vegetables used in developing dieren, followed by Tukey 's test 5 % fruits and.... The underprivileged in both urban and rural settings ( IGLV ’ s and determine their acceptability oil- enriched with! Economic returns associated with the exotic vegetables indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana to the indigenous people are to... In Limpopo Province and least in the studied micronutrients, but cooking led to considerable losses underutilized by modern systems! Is found in the gravy to achieve a reduction in vegetable flavor by consumers indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana components a! Found to be very rich in vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre the... Os indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana para a aparência, aroma, sabor e textura com as respectivas amostras referência. Human liver cancer cells was significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner after exposure to the high economic associated. Taro leaves indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana widely used in developing dieren, followed by sensory evaluation of developed recipes raspberry ( >... Received worldwide attention for their use in globally distributed foodstuffs people consume the indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana have been generally neglected and crops! Indigenous varieties, but optimum consumption is a public health problem even though consumption... Following indigenous vegetables ( IGLV ’ indigenous leafy vegetables in ghana and determine their acceptability abbreviations of.

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